“Gender Perspective in EU Mobility Programs” is an Erasmus+ KA2: Strategic Partnership project to promote innovative solutions on gender related problems for youth organizations by building capacity and strategic partnerships and to mainstream the gender point of view in EU Mobility Programs.

This partnership brings together four (4) civil society organizations and a university unit working on the field of youth in four different countries. Partners are Community Volunteers Foundation (TOG), Turkey (coordinator), Yasar University, Turkey; the Portuguese Network of Young People for Gender Equality (REDE), Portugal; United Societies of Balkans (USB), Greece; and EURO-NET, Italy.

Gender Perspective in EU Mobility Programs Project aims to mainstream the gender point of view in EU Mobility Programs and to increase the visibility of gender issues in youth organizations. EU Mobility Programs such as Erasmus + mobilize so many young people all around the Europe together brings excellent opportunities for young people. At the same time, it is obvious that gender discrimination is a global/transnational issue and it effects all the young women’s life all around the world including Europe.  Especially being a young woman foreigner means facing many different challenges which might differentiate from their men peers. Even though there are differences according to travelled countries structure, the organization of society legitimizes the discriminative action and sexual harassment against young women. Therefore, discussing preventive suggestions against those measures and developing reliable solutions and mechanisms will contribute increasing the quality of mobility programs and young women’ experience.

The other aims of the project are ;

To explore experiences of discriminative action against young women and challanges within an exchange program in 4 different countires;

To focus on best practices on gender which have supportive mechanisms for young women;

To establish and promote new tools and solidarity network in order to empower young women;

To encourage young women to be the main actor while promoting the innovative solutions;

– To advocate the  ‘Gender Policy Recommendation for EU Mobility Program’ to local and international authorities, decision makers, public entities, NGOs and networks;

The intellectual outputs realized within the scope of  the project are:

Situation Report: the major aim of this study is to collect data that will allow to develop mechanisms of prevention and response to situations of discrimination, thus striving to increase the quality of the experience that young women and young LGBTI+ within exchange programmes and  to bring the gender perspective to the centre while considering and evaluating the mobility programmes.

Guide: Guide contains the support mechanisms that young women and LGBTI+ can appeal in the case of violence of their rights.

Video:  Three video has been prepared on the title of “ What is Gender Based Violence?”, “What can young people do to struggle with gender based violence during the mobility programs” and “ What is gender based violence”. First video is about explaining what gender-based violence is. Second one includes advises to young women to make them prepared before going abroad. Third one is about mainstreaming. It explains the basic levels to establish gender mainstreaming at the youth organizations.  Those 3 videos are available on Youtube and have Italian, Portuguese, Green and Turkish subtitles.

Here are the links:

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6YbnxovmX-M

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=n3LP6-dgBKg

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TzYoqxyKQno

Gender Policy Recommendation for EU Mobility Programs: Gender Policy Recommendation contains the current situation analyze and recommendations that are developed regarding prevention of gender-based discrimination within mobility programs.

Also, within the framework of the project, 5 study visits among partner organizations were organized to to  learn from each other on various gender-related issues. During each study visit, the participants visited six different NGOs, which are active in youth field working for gender equality or/and LGBTQ+ rights; higher education institutions; and municipalities. At the end of the project 1 international network meeting has been organized to create solidarity network to guide young women incase they face any discrimination related with gender during the mobility programs.

We produced 4 intellectual outputs within our project.

O1 Situation Report: the report contributed to the mapping of the current situation of young women during European mobility programs. The report provided valuable data on gender-based discrimination in different countries. With this study, the partnership contributed to the improvement of the mobility programs.  

Within the framework of the Project, a primary research and a secondary research were conducted to explore experiences of discriminative action against young women and LGBTI+ and challenges they face while travelling abroad with a European mobility program in partner countries (Greece, Italy, Portugal, and Turkey). The primary research and the secondary research were developed by the key researcher and conducted together with 4 other researchers from partner organizations. The only difference is we did not only evaluate the discriminative actions on young women but on young LGBTİ+ as well.

In order to achieve the aims and results of this project, a primary research using focus group and in-depth interview methods was conducted by each partner. In our case, we were specifically interested in young women who have already taken part or are currently in an EU mobility program and other stakeholders such as youth organizations, university EU units and other governmental institutions. At least 25 people were reached in each country/study, having the following profile: ages (for young people) between 18 and 35; young women who have already taken part previously, preferably not more than five years ago, or are currently in an EU mobility programme and other stakeholders such as youth organizations, university EU units and other governmental institutions; participants (young people) with different social backgrounds, and foreign and local young people who are/were involved in an EU mobility programme

A secondary research of existing literature and data was also conducted for the aims of this project. The secondary research was an important component both for the preparation of the focus groups and in-depth interviews and for the writing phase of the Good Practices Report. (Good practices report: The report demonstrates good practices around the world on gender equality and mainstreaming gender point of view. The practices included examples from various sectors (big-scaled development projects, non-governmental organizations or governmental initiatives etc.) The practices can be adopted by the youth organizations according to their local reality.) The secondary research contained a literature search on the issues the project is dealing with and a search for the good practice examples for gender equality and gender mainstreaming.  

The findings of situation report can be used in any kind of research related with learning mobility programs.

O2 Guide: Besides the good sides of mobility programs, young people might face many challenges or problems during the mobility programs.  “Gender based discrimination” is the major of those challenges that young wome face. In this guide, support mechanisms that young women and LGBTİ+ can appeal in the case of violence of their rights wascovered. In the first chapter European, international and national legislations to refer in reporting violence and discrimination cases is decribed then the second chapter is listed the gender friendly organizations in the partner organization’s country

O3 Video: We have created 3 videos. One of most important  findings of the situation report was the overall lack of gender awareness among the participants. So that’s why we have decided to create first video on describing the gender-based discrimination. The second video provides suggestions to young people how to struggle with gender-based discrimination. Third video is for youth organizations. It explains how they couls start to apply gender mainstreaming within their organizations.

O4 Gender Policy Recommendation: Gender Policy Recommendation for EU Mobility Programs” is written policy advice prepared for European Commission; National Agencies, University Erasmus Ofices; Youth NGOs and the public entities who are related with mobility programs. The final aim of this recommendations is to mainstream the gender point of view within EU Mobility Programs and improve the existing services provided to young women and  before, during and after the mobility programs. In the preparation of recommendation, “The Situaion Report” provided evidence about the current situation which can be idendified under 4 title: (1) Right of Foreigners; (2) Gender (un)awareness; (2) Gender-based discrimination and sexism; (3) Support and monitoring before, during and after the mobility program. In the following chapter it will be seen the recommendations prepared by each partner organization by taking their countries’ conditions into consideration to achieve gender equality in mobility programs